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Sunday, November 27, 2022

Groundnut farming

By Fatima Muraina

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Site selection: It requires a well drainy sandy or loomy soil. They need five months of warm weather and an annual rainfall.

Ensure that all weeds and crop residues are buried before you commence planting.

Planting:

Planting is done during the rainy season which should be around March.

Soil must have had a couple of rainfall before seeds are planted.

They can be planted in ridge or on a flat surface with spacing dimension of 75cm between rows and 25cm within rows.

Harvesting:

This could be in form of digging, lifting, stocking and threading.

It is quite a tidious process and also expensive. The pods are pulled out from the soil after digging.

The pods ripen four to five months after planting and Harvesting is done when the leaves of the groundnut plant begins to turn brown. The inner rib of the plant turning brown is also an indication that the plant is ready to be harvested..

Harvesting through irrigation system like sprinkler can be used to ease the process of harvesting.

First, you will apply the sprinkler irrigation for one hour, after which you allow for light surface irrigation for a couple of days. Then cut the plant roots and 12 to 15 cm below blade and manually pull out the plant.

A tractor driven differ can also be used to loosen the soil then you can pull out the plant. It is important to harvest at the right time because if the plant has passed the state of full maturity, the pods falls of the stalk and remains in the soil.

The hardened soul makes it difficult to harvest the fasten pods hence reducing the groundnut yeild and if the pod is harvested too early, the pods will be unripe.

Harvested plant are sun-dry for few days before snapping off the pods.

The dried pods are usually cleaned and stored in bags stacked on top of one another. The bags should be piled on wooden planks to prevent damage due to dampness.

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