By Fisayo Akinduro, Osogbo
The security challenges facing Nigeria have been ascribed to the shrinking economic opportunities for citizens, convoluted governance structure, and climate change traceable to leadership capacity gap.
A Professor of Political Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Prof. Femi Mimiko disclosed this in Osogbo during a public lecture organised by the Nigerian Union of Journalists, NUJ, Osun State council.
The theme of the programme was; “Appraisal Of State Security in Nigeria, Yesterday, Today And Tomorrow: The Way Forward”.
The don who was also former Vice Chancellor of Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko noted that the nature of the threats to security, which Nigeria faces, goes beyond the physical.
In his address, Mimiko said evidence abounds that the Nigerian state is getting overwhelmed by its security challenges, signposted by some critical trends.
According to him, the extant patterns of insecurity in the country are neither products of external aggression nor deliberate and overt effort on the part of a foreign power to subvert Nigeria.
He stressed that human security is a critical dimension of security that has been very well accounted for in literature.
“When security is conceived in this broader sense, virtually all the security challenges captured become easily identifiable as dimensions of threat to human security.
“All forms of insecurity Nigeria faces not only reinforce each other, but are indeed practically inseparable; virtually all, propelled by the same set of forces.”
He posited that recasting Nigeria’s extant governance structure in the direction of devolution of power and resources to the federating units is the most plausible pathway to catalyzing a web of activities that can propel stability and development in the country.
He also stated that Nigeria has three developments that can act as catalysts to change the overall orientation of the state.
Mimiko said the ongoing rumblings in Chad would be very consequential for Nigeria if the former falls into unfriendly hands.
“Nigeria inclusive, may soon be mortally threatened by armed non-state actors that are getting increasingly emboldened by their recent serial successes.